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Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences (JETEAS)


Article Title: Geophysical Study of Clay Attributes in Iruekpen Village Area of Edo State, Nigeria
by Ezomo F.O

Geophysical exploration based on Electrical resistivity survey employing the techniques of vertical electrical sounding (VES) was carried out to study geophysically the attributes of clay deposit in Iruekpen village area of Edo State, Nigeria. These attributes include depth, thickness nature of soil material above it. The survey techniques utilized schlumberger array based on six (06) points per decade to justify the operation of assembling apparent resistivity data. The urgent need to prospect for clay deposit became inevitable in this area so as to curb the ever growing youth restiveness arising from unemployment problem among the citizen by way of setting up chemical industry/factory that rely on clay as its major raw material for manufacture purposes. Besides, there is no such industry or factory in this area that rely on clay as its major raw material. Significantly, clay find uses in electrical industry, medicine and agriculture. It is also used as specially formulated spray applied fruits and vegetables. All these uses are valuable in the world exploration assignment by way of busting the economy. Twelve (12) fairly distributed VES in four (4) different stations in Iruekpen was carried out with maximum current electrode spacing of 800.0m to justify the operation. The collected data was interpreted using both the partial curve matching and microprocessor iteration. The result of the electrical resistivity survey revealed that clay and clayey soil (clay mixed with other rock types) are present. The depths and thicknesses of each clay formation was then predicted. Depths to probable clay formations varied from 1.0m to 22.0m while the thicknesses varied from 0.5m to 2.0m. Area of probable clay formations and their thicknesses have been identified especially for future mining of industries foundation, operations and drilling.
Keywords: geophysical survey, clay deposit, raw material, industry, factory, schlumberger array, foundation, drilling, operations
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ISSN: 2141-7016

Editor in Chief.

Prof. Gui Yun Tian
Professor of Sensor Technologies
School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering
University of Newcastle
United Kingdom



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