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Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences (JETEAS)

ISSN:2141-7016

Article Title: Main Factors Determining The Yield Of Sugarcane Plantations On Ferralsols In Ferke 2 Sugar Complex,Northern Ivory Coast
by Estelle A. KONAN, Crepin B. PENE, Emmanuel DICK

Abstract:
This work is a contribution to applied research efforts aiming at increasing crop productivity on Ferke sugarcane plantations through the analysis of average cane yields obtained following main varieties grown and water status of plantations, in order to improve irrigation scheduling practices. Both Ferk sugarcane producing zones are located in northern Ivory Coast(920 - 960N and 522 - 540W, 325 m above sea level). Climate of the region is a sub-tropical type with 2 seasons:one of them is dry which occurs from November to April, the other being wet prevails from May to October. Data collected over 5 cropping seasons (2010-11 to 2014-15) involved the following variables: main varieties grown, water status of plantations, period of harvest season, cane yields obtained, cropping season considered, net irrigation depths applied, water used (from irrigation and rainfall used excluding deep percolation), rainfall used, harvested plantations and corresponding land surface. All different parameters were recorded in a database in order to ease multivariate analysis using Excel 2013. Search of main variables determining cane yields in Ferk 2 was achieved by a factor analysis. It came out that key agronomic factors were correlated to water status of plantations, main cane varieties grown, cropping season considered, period of harvest season, irrigation water depths applied, depth of water used as well as depth of rainfall used. As a result, four groupings of cane yields performed were determined. For a same variety grown and same water status of plantation, cane yields obtained were as lower as sugarcane was cultivated as late season crop. For agro-physiological reasons, early and mi-season sugarcane crops should mostly be grown under center pivots (much more efficient irrigation equipment), as they ensure a better yield potential.
Keywords: multivariate analysis, cane yield, irrigation system, center pivot, agrophysiological response.
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ISSN: 2141-7016

Editor in Chief.

Prof. Gui Yun Tian
Professor of Sensor Technologies
School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering
University of Newcastle
United Kingdom

 

 

Copyright © Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences 2010