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Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences (JETEAS)

ISSN:2141-7016

Article Title: Diffusivity and Kinetics Model for Biodegradation of PAHs in a Saturated Porous Matrix
by Azeez Taofik Oladimeji, Arinkoola Akeem.Olatunde, Salam Kazeem. Kolapo, and Nwakaudu Madueke. Stanley

Abstract:
The commercial implementation of biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as a bioremediation technique against physical process was due to lack of its effective and efficient diffusivity model with reaction parameters in a saturated porous matrix. The development and simulation of diffusivity model which involve reaction kinetics was aimed to provide quantitative insight on biodegradation of PAHs. The developed model obtained from the principle of conservation of matter, concepts of Fick's law of diffusion, Malthus equation and Monod kinetics expression under isothermal condition was simulated with experimental data. The result showed that Corynebacterium sp and Pseudomonas putida were effective and PAHs exhibits pseudo first order reaction. Though, the effective diffusivity of PAHs decreases as degradation of PAHs proceeds with increased microbial mass concentration at increased penetration depth. The developed diffusivity model has been shown to be effective and not only providing quantitative insight into biodegradation of the PAHs but serves as an alternative option in the selection of microbes capable of facilitating the restoration of PAHs contaminated sites.
Keywords: kinetics, conservation laws, microbial degradation, effective diffusivity
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ISSN: 2141-7016

Editor in Chief.

Prof. Gui Yun Tian
Professor of Sensor Technologies
School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering
University of Newcastle
United Kingdom

 

 

Copyright © Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences 2010