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Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences (JETEAS)


Article Title: Solid Waste Composition Analysis for the Development of a Suitable Waste Disposal System in Port Harcourt L.G.A of Rivers State, Nigeria
by Audu, H.A.P., Aigwi, I. E. and Enaboifo, M.A.

This study examines the analysis of the composition of solid waste generated in Port Harcourt local government area of Rivers state, Nigeria. The study area which is in the state capital is a typical urban, industrial and commercial location of Rivers state, and has witnessed an increased influx of migrants in recent time. This has led to the increased consumption of goods and services, and the generation of unprecedented quantities of municipal solid waste. The purpose of this study is to determine the sources, types and composition of wastes generated from Port Harcourt L.G.A, in order to develop a sustainable waste management strategy for the area. The determination of the composition of unprocessed municipal solid waste during this study was done according to ASTM D5231 - 92(2008) Standard Test Method. This method involves the direct sampling of solid waste from specific sources, a labour-intensive manual process of sorting, classifying and weighing all items from each sampling unit and a detailed recording of the data. This study has evaluated the solid waste composition in five distinct communities in Port Harcourt Local Government area with a view of an integrated approach in municipal solid waste management in the area. The generation rate was 1.16kg/cap/day. There was variance in the compositions of the waste from the different locations studied. The waste was categorized into Paper, Glass, metal, Organics, Nylon, Plastics, and Others. The most prominent in the five locations was Organics, Paper and Nylon with mean percentage compositions of 65%, 13% and 12% respectively. Given the characteristics of these waste streams, it is believed that a sustainable waste management strategy would be beneficial to the study area through better healthy living conditions, energy generation and resource recovery.
Keywords: solid waste, composition, analysis, development, suitable waste disposal system.
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ISSN: 2141-7016

Editor in Chief.

Prof. Gui Yun Tian
Professor of Sensor Technologies
School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering
University of Newcastle
United Kingdom



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