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Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences (JETEAS)


Article Title: Production of Vitrified Porcelain Tiles Using Local Raw Materials from South Western Nigeria
by Idowu Oluwatuase Idowu

Ceramic tiles, described as a flat piece baked clay used for covering walls are very expensive in Nigeria. About 80% of this product are imported to Nigeria from other countries since the few tiles producing industries in the country do not have the capacity to satisfy the huge demand for the product. As a matter of fact, the highly demanded porcelain tiles are not even produced in Southwestern part of Nigeria. To produced prototype porcelain tiles from this part of the country. Field trips were made to different locations in Southwestern Nigeria to collect samples of Kaolin, (from Ifon), Feldspar, (from Ijero) and Silica (from Igbokoda) A 21 member Triaxial blend test was performed on the selected material. As a result of the test, blend 12 with composition of 20% Kaolin, 60% Silica and 20% was chosen for the study. However the test with the above composition was not successful, thus the need for re-adjustment of the composition and better method of material processing. Re - adjusted composition of 50% feldspar, 17% Kaolin, 19% Ball clay 13% Limestone which was fire to a temperature 12800C was eventually seen to be successful when compared with both the Nigerian (NIS) and International Standard (ISO).the adoption of this findings by indigenous producers will definitely enhance the local production of porcelain tiles in Nigeria which is currently put at only 20% :
Keywords: porcelain, kaolin, ball clay, triaxial blend, feldspar, silica
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ISSN: 2141-7016

Editor in Chief.

Prof. Gui Yun Tian
Professor of Sensor Technologies
School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering
University of Newcastle
United Kingdom



Copyright © Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences 2010