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Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences (JETEAS)


Article Title: Review of Conservation of Prunus africana and International Trade Opportunities for its bark in Kenya
by Joshua K. Cheboiwo, Robert Mugabe and David Langat

Prunus africana is a species widely found in Africa whose bark has been used for traditional healing for hundreds of years. Its exploitation for exports began in 1960s and demand peaked in 1970s. High demand and uncontrolled exploitations let to its listing under CITES in 1995 that restricted exports. Kenya has been an important exporter of Prunus bark to Europe until imposition of export ban in 2003. Minimal studies have been undertaken on socioeconomics and conservation impacts of the bark export ban. The study objectives were to identify the production areas, levels of conservation, explore export performance and make some recommendations. The study involved literature reviews and field surveys in key production areas. The findings indicate that the species is found in natural forests and farms in the moist montane zones in the country. The bark is traditionally used to treat various ailments. Kenya annually exported on average 250 tonnes of bark until the ban in 2003 that led to a loss of annual export value $14million. The study recommends that with appropriate policy framework there are opportunities for sustainable growing, harvesting, processing of Prunus africana for biodiversity conservation and diversification of the countrys exports.
Keywords: prunus africana, conservation, bark extracts, utilization, international trade
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ISSN: 2141-7016

Editor in Chief.

Prof. Gui Yun Tian
Professor of Sensor Technologies
School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering
University of Newcastle
United Kingdom



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