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Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences (JETEAS)


Article Title: Effect of Processing Conditions on Yield of Screw Press Expressed Palm Oil
by O. A. Adetola, J. O. Olajide, and A. P. Olalusi

Investigations were carried out on the effect of processing conditions (sterilization time, digestion time and screw speed) on the efficiency a typical screw press machine. Palm fruits were collected, cleaned and sterilized for 30, 60 and 90 min; then digested for 4, 7 and 10 min and later pressed at a screw speed of 4, 10 and 16 rpm. The results show that increase in sterilization time and digestion time at optimum screw speed of 10 rpm generally increased the oil yield. The solid impurity content of the oil at 30 and 90 min sterilization was observed to be generally high. The solid impurity at 60 min sterilization time was observed to be low. Increase in digestion time increased the solid impurity at all sterilization times. The highest oil extraction ratio of 17.90% and oil extraction efficiency of 79.56% were obtained at the sterilization time of 60 min, digestion time of 10 min and screw speed of 10 rpm. For palm fruit processing, there is therefore the need to carefully select the processing conditions that will give the least solid impurity content of the oil as a measure of crude palm oil quality, highest oil yield and best oil quality. Therefore, there is need to conduct this research in order to determine the appropriate processing conditions in terms of sterilization time, digestion time and screw speed required for optimum oil yield and screw press operation which will in turn give maximum oil yield and more profit for palm oil processors and farmers.
Keywords: palm fruit, processing conditions, oil yield, oil extraction ratio, screw speed.
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ISSN: 2141-7016

Editor in Chief.

Prof. Gui Yun Tian
Professor of Sensor Technologies
School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering
University of Newcastle
United Kingdom



Copyright © Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences 2010